Glossary

Ablative CO2 Lasers

Considered the “Gold Standard” for non-surgical facial rejuvenation and removal of facial skin wrinkles and photoaging, the CO2 laser is the highest-intensity laser technology used in laser treatment and the most expensive. CO2 laser treatment delivers smoother, tighter skin, because of its thermal effect on collagen (the most important skin protein) in the skin tissues' lower layers, as well as its effectiveness in correcting unwanted texture and color conditions. The CO2 is even used to treat cancer during its early stages.

Ablative Fractional Resurfacing

With fractional laser resurfacing the laser beam is broken up, or fractionated, into many small micro-beams, which are separated so that when they strike the skin surface, small areas of the skin between the beams are not hit by the laser and left intact. These small areas of untreated skin promote a much more rapid recovery and healing with less risk of complications. The small areas treated by the fractional micro-beams, called micro-treatment zones, cause sufficient laser injury to promote new collagen production and resultant facial skin rejuvenation. 

Ablative Lasers

Ablative lasers use the power and heat of light in a targeted beam to remove and resurface the skin, either superficially or through to the deeper layers. Ablative lasers produce dramatic results in resurfacing skin to diminish wrinkles, acne scars and other surface irregularities. They improve overall skin tone and texture; however, treatment with ablative lasers is surgery that requires anesthesia and pain management. Ablative lasers require real downtime—for your skin to crust over, shed the scabs and fully heal—and carry risk of infection, pigment changes and scarring. Resurfacing an entire face may require four to six weeks of initial healing.

Accutane

An oral medication used to treat severe recalcitrant nodular acne (a certain type of severe acne) that has not been helped by other treatments, such as antibiotics. Accutane, or Isotretinoin, is a form of vitamin A. It reduces the amount of oil released by oil glands in the skin and helps skin renew itself more quickly.

Acids

An acid is a substance that reacts with a base. Acids play very important roles in the human body. Hydrochloric acid, present in the stomach, aids in digestion by breaking down large and complex food molecules. Amino acids are required for synthesis of proteins required for growth and repair of our body tissues. Fatty acids are also required for growth and repair of body tissues. Nucleic acids are important for the manufacturing of DNA, RNA and transmission of characters to offspring through genes. Carbonic acid is important for maintenance of pH equilibrium in the body.

Acne

This chronic inflammatory disease of the skin is characterized by the presence of pimples or "zits," blackheads and whiteheads. It chiefly affects the face, neck, chest, back and/or upper arms of sufferers.

Acne Scars

These wounds in the skin are caused by hair follicles that are plugged by acne-causing bacteria. As our body struggles to remove the foreign debris with an inflammatory response, a wound in our skin is the result, which then heals, leaving too much collagen behind, and a scar.

Age Spots

The brownish spots that, over time, appear on your face and body as a result of overexposure to the sun are best prevented by avoiding the sun and using sunscreen. For cosmetic reasons, age spots can be lightened with skin-bleaching products or removed.

Aging

Aging is the accumulation of changes in an organism or object over time. Our environment, health, how much we exercise, heredity, what we put in our bodies and what we expose our bodies to, determines how we age.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids

Naturally derived acids that break the bond between dead skin cells and the upper layer of the skin to improve texture and tone. The intensive exfoliating properties of AHAs speed epidermal cell turnover and jumpstart the skin’s own renewal process.

Arm Lift

An arm lift, also known as brachioplasty, reduces excess skin and fat between the underarm and the elbow. It reshapes the arm, resulting in smoother skin with improved shape and tone.

Artefill

A non-resorbable (therefore longer-lasting) injectable dermal filler for the correction of wrinkles and lines on the face. Artefill is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for correcting smile lines (nasolabial folds), but it is widely used "off label" by physicians to fill lines and wrinkles all over the face.

Asclera

A prescribed medical injectable that is used during the sclerotherapy procedure, which is the removal of unwanted spider and small varicose veins, most commonly in the legs. Asclera damaged the vein’s cells lining, which then clots and is replaced by tissue.

A-shaped Butt

The heart- or A-shaped butt is typically considered the prettiest and most desirable shape. (Picture a heart upside down.) Because of the smaller waist and bigger hips, it comes closest to the universally ideal waist-to-hip ratio of 0.7.