April 15 may forever be associated with “Tax Day” by many Americans, but it also marks the day Botox Cosmetic was approved by the FDA to treat moderate to severe frown lines between the eyebrows—a whooping 15 years ago!
As CNN reported at the time in 2002, “Botox is made from the toxin that causes the food poisoning known as botulism. It smoothes facial lines by paralyzing or weakening the muscles that can cause frowning…The FDA initially approved Botox in December 1989 to treat eye muscle disorders. The product again was approved in December 2000 to treat cervical dystonia, a neurological disorder that causes severe neck and shoulder contractions.”
So what’s really behind the treatment that created a new category in the facial-aging game and has since become a household name? Here are some super interesting facts.
It Has a Great Safety Record
With more than 15 years under its belt, the safety and efficacy of Botox has been described in more than 400 peer-reviewed articles in scientific and medical journals, according to Allergan, the product’s manufacturer, who marketed Botox when it first came out, and still does. And, while everyone seemed so hung up on the “toxin” part when it first hit, Botox is actually “made from sources that exist in nature. It contains tiny amounts of a highly purified protein refined from the bacterium, Clostridium botulinum.”
It Delivers Subtle Results—When Done Right
The key to “good” injections is an properly trained injector (it’s best to go to your board-certified plastic surgeon, facial plastic surgeon or dermatologist for treatment), but, as Allergan says, one of the big benefits behind Botox is that it’s temporary and not-so-telling. “It provides temporary and subtle results when administered by a licensed and trained healthcare professional. Crow’s feet and frown lines are less noticeable, yet you’ll still look like you and be able to show expression.”
It’s Super Sterile
Botox is manufactured in a state-of-the art facility, under the strictest quality and safety standards. Every vial is filled and sealed in a completely sterile environment. The air in the room is filtered and changes in excess of 200 times an hour and only a relatively small number of highly-trained technicians are permitted to enter. And when they do enter, they are covered from head to toe in a specially-designed sterile suit. Even the water used to wash the inside of the vials before they are filled is purified to “Water for Injection” standard.
Have a busy schedule? Botox takes about 10 minutes with minimal downtime or recovery. You may begin to notice results within 24 to 48 hours, with results lasting up to four months for moderate to severe frown lines.
It’s More Than “Skin Deep”
Botox targets one of the underlying causes of frown lines and crow’s feet—the repeated muscle contractions from frowning and squinting over the years—which leads to visible smoothing of your crow’s feet and frown lines between the brows.
It’s Made Major Strides in the Market
When it was approved in 2002, Botox was only approved to treat cross-eyes, uncontrollable blinking, cervical dystonia (a neurological disorder that causes severe neck and shoulder contractions), and moderate to severe frown lines between the eyebrows. As we know, it now has a much longer list of approvals and studies (good-bye excessive sweating!), with more manufacturers introducing new neurotoxin options, like Dysport and Xeomin, to the market.
A LOT of People Get It
The numbers don’t lie: According to the America Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), neurotoxin treatments, including Botox, Dysport and Xeomin, rank as the number-one nonsurgical procedure performed last year, ringing in at 4,597,886 (how do they get it so exact?)!
And There’s Still More to Come
While a new use for neurotoxins seems to pop up daily, the treatment is now going way beyond the beauty sector, as Allergan announces it will test Botox for depression (they recently moved into Phase-3 trials). We can’t wait to see what’s next.