Glossary

Ulthera

This laser provides a non-surgical facelift using ultrasonic waves to stimulate the growth of new collagen in areas of the face that have sagging skin. 

Ultrasound-assisted Liposuction

A technique of liposuction where the fatty tissue is removed with the assistance of sound waves which are beyond the range of human hearing. Because the sound waves are doing the work the surgeon is able to more precisely guide the cannula (a hollow stainless steel tube). This increases safety. The ultrasonic energy is targeted to fat cells and creates less damage to other tissues such as nerves, blood vessels and muscles.

Ultrasound Technology

This technology exposes part of the body to high-frequency sound waves to produce pictures of internal areas of the body. Ultrasound exams do not use ionizing radiation (as used in x-rays). Because ultrasound images are captured in real-time, they can show the structure and movement of the body's internal organs, as well as blood flowing through blood vessels.

Under-eye Bags

This term describes the puffy pillow that forms under the eyes as we age. There is a certain amount of fat naturally in the under-eye area held in place by ligaments. As we age, the ligaments get weaker, allowing the fat to push forward. As time goes on, the puff gets bigger, the skin loses elasticity and “bags” (loose wads of skin) form. The main causes of under-eye bags are gravity, heredity and lifestyle.

Under-eye Circles

These are the dark shadows that frequently develop as part of the aging process. The muscles and ligaments close to the eye on either side of the bridge of the nose, or the tear trough, can weaken over time. With its support structure gone, the skin begins to collapse, causing a kind of indentation or "gutter" effect. When the adjacent area becomes puffy, that "gutter" casts a shadow on skin, making it appear as if there is a dark circle. Dark discoloration can also be caused by the thinning of the skin that occurs naturally as part of the aging process. When it does, it exposes a netting of reddish-blue blood vessels underneath.

Under-eye Hollows

Defined as either orbital (or eyelid) hollowness or cheek hollowness, each is a different condition requiring different treatments. Orbital (or eyelid) hollowness is a volume deficiency of fat within the orbit (the space inside of the bony eye socket). Cheek hollowness is an indentation at the topmost area of the cheek located just below the bottom of the eyelid. Cheek hollowness is caused by the reduction of cheek tissue and/or poor bony formation below the eyelid (maxillary hypoplasia).

UVA Rays

Present with relatively equal intensity during all daylight hours throughout the year, and can penetrate clouds and glass. Penetrates the skin more deeply and has long been known to play a major part in skin aging and wrinkling (photoaging). Studies show that UVA damages skin cells called keratinocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis, where most skin cancers occur. UVA is the dominant tanning ray, which injures the skin’s DNA, leading to skin cancer. The high-pressure sunlamps used in tanning salons emit doses of UVA as much as 12 times that of the sun.