Glossary

Dark Circles

These dark blemishes around the eyes are caused by many etiologies, such as heredity and bruising. The genes related to dark circles are actually the genes that cause weakened capillaries in the skin around your eyes. Exposure to the sun can exacerbate dark circles. Sunlight darkens the skin by raising melanin levels and bringing melanin to the surface of the skin. Allergies, age and poor nutrition can also cause dark circles.

Deep Wrinkles

These crevices in the skin surface delve into the dermal layer (deep wrinkles) and even into the subcutaneous layer (folds). They are greater than 0.1mm in depth, up to 0.4mm in depth and remain well-defined and evident upon the relaxation of the muscles and the skin.

Dental Implants

An artificial tooth root used in dentistry to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth.

Dental Sealant

A dental treatment consisting of applying a plastic material to one or more teeth, for the intended purpose of preventing dental caries (cavities) or other forms of tooth decay.

Droopy Eyelids

Damage to the nerve that controls the muscles of the eyelid, problems with the muscle strength, or swelling of the lid, may result in droopy eyelids. Drooping lids are either present at birth (congenital) or develop later in life. Drooping eyelids can stay constant, worsen over time (progressive), or come and go (intermittent). It can be one-sided or on both sides. Drooping eyelids may be due to a variety of conditions include aging, diabetes, stroke, Horner syndrome, myasthenia gravis, a brain tumor or other cancer that affects nerve or muscle reactions. 

Dysport

An injectable treatment for wrinkles made from the same neurotoxin (botulinum toxin type A) as Botox. Dysport diffuses a bit farther from the injection point than Botox: one to three centimeters compared to Botox’s one centimeter. This means that fewer injections are needed, but it also means that the health professional doing the injections must be very skilled to ensure that the drug does not spread to nearby muscles and cause eyelid and/or eyebrow drooping or other unwanted side effects. Many people find after several treatments that they don’t need another one for longer, because they have “unlearned” the habit of frowning or squinting that originally led to the development of these lines.