The active ingredients in wrinkle-relaxing products are not the same as the active ingredient in Botox, but they all work in the same way-by weakening the nerve impulses necessary for movement that can cause wrinkles and creases. By minimizing movement, they help prevent lines and furrows from forming and lessen their appearance while the facial muscles are at rest.
Here, a guide to four of the most popular active ingredients in wrinkle-relaxing products.
GABA (Gamma aminobutyric acid): This is a natural calming and anti-epileptic agent in the brain that inhibits the neurotransmitters necessary for muscle activity.
Gatuline: Derived from the South American Acmella oleracea plant, gatuline has long been used as a holistic toothache remedy, because chewing the eyeball-shaped buds causes numbness in the mouth.
Green anise extract: Dating back to Hippocrates, green anise extract has been used to cure indigestion and jaundice, and induce sleep.
Hexapeptide-3 (Argireline): This is a non-toxic, non-irritating compound that regulates the production of catecholamine, the enzyme necessary for muscle contraction.
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