Glossary

Saddlebags

Term now used to describe women who have larger than normal hip and thigh subcutaneous fat (the fat on the body that can be physically seen or felt), like the bags or pouches of the same name that hung over the backside of a horse. 

Sagging

Aging, sun and gravity are the most common causes of skin sagging. With age, the body loses collagen and elastin, which are responsible for making skin firm and youthful. Muscles also deteriorate with age, leaving skin less taut, especially in the face. Smoking and weight loss also contribute to sagging skin.

Salicylic Acid

An exfoliating ingredient that is often used in washes, creams or peels to combat acne because of its ability to maintain the keratinization cycle of skin cells and prevent pores from plugging up. 

Scars

Fibrous tissue (fibrosis) that replace normal skin after injury, a scar results from the biologic process of wound repair in the skin and other tissues of the body. Thus, scarring is a natural part of the healing process. Scar tissue is composed of the same protein (collagen) as the tissue that it replaces,but this scar tissue is of inferior functional quality to normal collagen.

Sclerotherapy

A procedure in which a solution is injected into spider veins, causing them to collapse and disappear, often delivered in a series of treatments.

Sculptra Aesthetic

A facial injectable made from poly-L-lactic acid, (a biocompatible, biodegradable synthetic ingredient that is used for resorbable stitches), which helps to correct shallow to deep facial wrinkles, and folds,that appear with aging, by replacing lost collagen. A full treatment of Sculptra Aesthetic, an average of three injection sessions over a few months, can last up to two years.

Sedation Dentistry

Patients who fear dental work are given a mild sedative that tones down brain receptors so the patient is more relaxed, yet still conscious and aware of what is happening. The dentist will monitor vital signs to ensure safety. May be used with nitrous oxide, as well.

Selphyl System

This system enables the safe and rapid preparation of natural autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP), tiny cells that are critical to natural healing, utilizing a small amount of a patient's own blood. When injected just under the skin, it activates new skin cell growth and, over time, leads to a stronger collagen support structure. It then discharges a protein that prompts new cells to grow and spreads throughout the treatment area. Selphyl can be used to give a fuller appearance to skin divots, pockmarks and hollow cheeks. It can diminish the scars left by acne and greatly improve the lines around the mouth and nose. Selphyl may be used on any area of the body, which needs to be plumped or to create areas with more definition.

Silicone Injections

This synthetic rubberlike substance is not metabolized by the body. Silicone gel implants are approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in breast reconstruction or augmentation. Medical grade silicone is also approved to treat complicated retinal detachments. Silicone injections for cosmetic treatments are not approved by the FDA, but physicians may still provide the treatments to treat wrinkles and to plump up other parts of the body, even though it is potentially dangerous.

Skin Tighteners

Besides surgery, there are several ways to tighten the skin. Infrared laser or infrared light treatments heat collagen beneath the skin, causing the skin to contract. Radio frequencies, or Thermage, can also firm up sagging skin. Much like the laser, the radio energy gets into the deep layers of the skin, heats the collagen, and a gradual tightening is the result.

SkinTyte

This tissue heating device utilizes advanced infrared light technology to deeply heat dermal collagen, while continuously protecting the treated epidermis. The energy is delivered in rapid, gentle pulses to promote contraction and partial coagulation of the collagen, initiating the body’s natural healing process. Following treatment, a new foundation of collagen is created leading to increased skin firmness.

Slack Skin

This extremely rare subtype of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma presents itself in middle-aged adults and is characterized by pendulous (hanging) skin folds.

SmartLipo
A laser-assisted liposuction procedure that delivers laser energy through a wand to liquefy fat before it is suctioned out.
Smile Lines

This term is used to describe the folds that appear on either side of the lips running down from the nose.

Smoothbeam

This advanced multi-effect non-ablative laser treatment is used for acne scarring, active acne and collagen building. It is highly effective in reducing active acne and acne scars and reversing some of the collagen loss of aging. Smoothbeam stimulates the body's natural collagen-building process.

SmoothShapes

Cellulite treatment that dynamically corrects the appearance of cellulite through combined light, laser and massage therapies.

Snap-on Smile

A temporary smile design that snaps over your natural teeth made from a proprietary formula of hi-tech dental resin. Snap-on Smile fits right over regular teeth without having to be removed while eating or drinking.

Snap-on Smile

A temporary smile design that snaps over your natural teeth made from a proprietary formula of hi-tech dental resin. Snap-on Smile fits right over regular teeth without having to be removed while eating or drinking.

Square Butt

A square butt tends to look flat from the side and almost a little masculine. Plastic surgeons find that this is the most commonly complained-about shape.

Stem-cell Facelifts

Unlike traditional facelifts, stem-cell facelifts involve no scalpels or incisions in the face, and there's no need for a general anesthesia. Liposuction is used to collect fat from the patient, the stem cells are then separated from the fat. The cells are then concentrated or “activated” using a low-level laser and added back to the fat where it is injected into strategic locations on the patient's face. The procedure restores the youthful contour and shape of the face as well as skin tightness, and evens out color irregularities caused by the aging process and environmental sun exposure.

Stem Cells

Biological cells found in all multi-cellular organisms, that can divide through mitosis and differentiate into diverse specialized cell types or can self renew to produce more stem cells. Stem cells can now be artificially grown and transformed into specialized cell types with characteristics consistent with cells of various tissues, such as muscles or nerves, through cell culture.

Stem-cell Treatments

A type of intervention strategy that introduces new cells into damaged tissue in order to treat disease or injury. Many medical researchers believe stem-cell treatments have the potential to change the face of human disease and alleviate suffering.The ability of stem-cells to self-renew and give rise to subsequent generations with variable degrees of differentiation, offers significant potential for generation of tissues that can potentially replace diseased and damaged areas in the body, with minimal risk of rejection and side effects.

Stretched Skin

This loose skin is due to rapid weight loss, particularly around the abdomen. After weight loss, the skin sometimes fails to tighten back, and becomes loose, hangs or sags. It is often difficult to remove this skin through normal exercise or dieting. 

Stretch Marks

A form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue, stretch marks are caused by tearing of the dermis, and over time can diminish but not disappear completely. Stretch marks are often the result of the rapid stretching of the skin associated with rapid growth (common in puberty) or weight gain (e.g. pregnancy, muscle building, or rapid gain of fat) or in some cases, severe pulling force on skin that overcomes the dermis' elasticity.

Subcutaneous Fat

Fat found just beneath the skin. Subcutaneous fat is a shock absorber, helping to cushion the skin against trauma, and also stores energy, which the body uses during periods of high activity.

Sun Damage

Exposure to UVA rays from the sun leads to damage to the skin including skin blemishes, skin cancers and cosmetic flaws such as wrinkles, fine lines, sun spots and skin discolorations.

Sun Spots

Hyperpigmented, single or multiple brown spots, known as sun spots, located on areas of the skin that have been exposed to the sun.