By the time you’re 80, your skin will have four times the “broken” collagen as you had in your 20s. This is because of a vicious cycle: as you age, natural enzymes break down collagen, causing the collapse of supportive fibroblasts, which then prompts the release of even more enzymes. The result is the sagging and wrinkling so many treatments and products try to prevent and reverse.
According to a research team from the University of Michigan’s Department of Dermatology, these signs of aging aren’t necessarily inescapable. They say it depends on using the right treatment, and by reviewing dozens of studies, they’ve identified three that successfully address this unfortunate collagen pattern.
Carbon dioxide laser resurfacing makes the list because it damages the dermis in a way that prompts the production of new collagen. Cross-linked hyaluronic acid fillers, such as Restylane, also get the experts’ seal of approval because it causes fibroblasts to stretch like they naturally would in younger years, encouraging new collagen and preventing its collapse. Finally, vitamin A in the form of retinol and retinoid treatments were found to smooth wrinkles and roughness by prompting collagen production.
The cost and downtime of each of these treatments vary, so depending on your personal limitations, one of these options could very possibly be right for you. Discuss the benefits and disadvantages with your dermatologist.
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