Discoloration, also known as hyperpigmentation, can arise from a variety of different aggressors. Whether your hyperpigmentation-which can affect all skin types-is brown, pink, or red in color, the discolored potion of your skin is basically signaling that it’s been damaged. The cause can range from acne, the sun or another type skin injury like a burn or cut. While red spots are usually the result of skin inflammation, brown spots are tied to sun exposure. Freckles are brown spots caused by an increase in sun exposure, while age spots are brown spots that result from sun damage.
Don’t wait until you have it to act! There are steps you can take to prevent hyperpigmentation. How? We asked world-renowned Miami and New York City dermatologist Fredric Brandt, MD, for his suggestions.
“To prevent hyperpigmentation or freckles, I recommend application of sunscreen (at least SPF 30) every day, an antioxidant cream in the morning to fight free radical damage, as well as various products containing hydroquinone or arbutin to lighten the skin. Remember, no products will effectively lighten skin without the use of sunscreen on a daily basis. I recommend peptide or retinol cream at night to help increase collagen production,” Dr. Brandt says.
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