Dermatologist Tips To Diminish Dark Spots

Photo Credits: Thinkstock

Several factors contribute to dark areas and spots on the skin, known as hyperpigmentation. According to New York dermatologist Ariel Ostad, the sun, acne, melasma, prescription medication and hormonal imbalances are all causes of hyperpigmentation. “These dark spots occur when your skin produces more melanin, which gives our skin its color,” he explains.

“There are a wide range of treatments for hyperpigmentation. “The success depends on the cause of the hyperpigmentation. Strict sun protection and use of sunscreen are required in order to prevent worsening and recurrence of hyperpigmentation before, during and after treatment,” explains Dr. Ostad, who recommends seeing a dermatologist to assess the extent of your hyperpigmentation so he or she can customize an appropriate treatment plan which may include some of the following:

Topical medications such as hydroquinone and Retin-A are commonly prescribed for hyperpigmentation. “These bleaching and retinol creams do not work for all types of hyperpigmentation and they can take up to six moths to visibly lighten, results may not always be noticeable,” Dr. Ostad adds.

Hyperpigmentationis often treated with the Fraxel laser, which Dr. Ostad says is very effective. “This treatment targets the pigment in the skin that causes skin to appear darker. Two to three treatments may be required to achieve the desired result. There is usually minimal downtime that lasts about three to five days with this treatment.”

Chemical peels can be a good option for those with hyperpigmentation. “Peels like the LUMA peel which uses vitamin A and arbutin or a TCA peel (trichloracetic acid) are available for all skin types and are highly effective in reducing pigmentation. There may be some downtime of a few days to a week,” says Dr. Ostad.

And last but not least, a good foundation will help conceal dark spots day to day. Covergirl & Olay Tone Rehab 2-in-1 Foundation ($16) provides hydrating coverage that hides discoloration and spots.

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  • Shak
    Posted on

    Lemons are very helpful. Making a "mask" sort of things out of plain organic yogurt, egg whites, and sometimes egg yolk (not sure if that stuff is good). The egg white mask helps a lot. Lemons dry my skin too much. Great posts guys. Very helpful!

  • maria
    Posted on

    guys i need help,i have dark spots on my face which took my confident away.i cant even go out with my friends cause they have radiant skins and they wear make ups they look more beautiful,but with me its its a disaster please i need my confident back.

  • Condor
    Posted on

    Applying pure lemon juice to dark spots is a great natural "bleaching" agent. It does cause some stinging sensation (as you would expect) and some drying of the skin. Use before you go to bed to minimize day time drying.

  • william ishere
    Posted on

    Really nice words shared in the post. I got new tips from the post. Also the picture is very beautiful.

  • celia
    Posted on

    hi, i have dark spots on my face caused by bumps that i sqeezed are blackheads but i want to no how i can get rid of them because they make my face look terrible.

    Posted on


  • Dr. Jacqueline M. Calkin & Dr. Alison Boudreaux
    Posted on

    The article is very accurate. Hyperpigmentation is often a very difficult condition to treat. Prevention is the best tactic meaning you should wear sunscreen every day. I prefer one with at least 5% zinc oxide. You should also use a topical vitamin C serum or other antioxidant every morning and the strongest retinoid (retinol or prescription retinoid) you can tolerate in the evening. Topical lightening agents may improve the over all brightness of the skin but they work best when combined with peels or laser treatments and especially to maintain the results and prevent complications. If there was a topical agent out there that removed brown spots , believe me you would know about it. My favorite laser for sun induced brown spots is a qswitched yag or alexandrite laser while the hormonal pigmentation is best treated with topicals, peels and Fraxel.

  • Jhennyva
    Posted on

    Hi, my name is Jhen, i had so bad dark spot and freckles and also blemishes and some pimples. My face make me cried every time i looked at my self on the merror. Coz i feel like i lost my hope to get clearing my skin. And beside i losed my confendent i can't work. Coz i felt i am very ugly. I am asian from phil. I try to used many defferent kind of stuffed on my face seaching online. But, saddently it made it worsed my face was burned and now i can't go out side anymore. I really need your help. Pls help me!

  • chrissy
    Posted on

    once again, you did not recommend any topical products and what ingredients to look for. you are not answering any questions all you are saying is have surgery

  • D
    Posted on

    “These bleaching and retinol creams do not work for all types of hyperpigmentation and they can take up to six moths to visibly lighten, results may not always be noticeable,” Dr. Ostad adds.

  • Kelly MUA
    Posted on

    I am a firm believer in the Jessner peel - best out there, goes deep, maybe a week down time and your esthi can do it for you, plus a great price point. My dark spots dissappear for over a year. Worth it - just got one today!

  • Megan
    Posted on

    I'm surprised that there was not mention of Lumixyl in this article. It is a highly effective, safe alternative to hydroquinone for topical brightening. You can get it through most dermatologists and medical spas.

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